Category Archives: blog

electronic three-phase meter

Three Phase Meter CL730S23 CT

electronic three-phase meter

The CL730S23 CT is a static three-phase revenue meter designed for industrial applications together with current instrument transformer connection.

The communication module is exchangeable, supporting power-line carrier (PLC), radio frequency (RF) and 2G/3G/4G. The communication with the meter is DLMS compliant. The meter CL730S23 CT can be used with or without communication module.

EN 50470-3
IEC 62053-22
IEC 62053-23
CE MID approved
G3-PLC approved
DLMS compliant

Functions

Tamper protection

  • Sealing
  • Terminal cover open detection
  • Face cover open detection
  • Reverse current detection
  • Magnetic tamper
  • Event logging
  • Disconnect on tamper

ItemParameter
Nominal voltage (Un)3x 57.7/100 V ... 3x 240/415 V
Voltage range for operation0.9 Un ... 1.2 Un
Nominal frequency50 Hz, 60 Hz
Nominal current (In)1A, 5 A
Maximum current3x 1(5) A, 3x 5(6) A, 3x 1(10) A
DisplayLCD
Operating temperature-25°C ... 70°C
Humidity< 95 %
Accuracy classActive energy class 0.5S, reactive energy class 2
Ingress protectionIP 54
CommunicationInfrared port, RS485, optional exchangeable modules for PLC, RF, and GPRS/3G/4G
Dimensions232 mm * 164 mm * 74 mm
Connection typeDIN 43857 (LLLLLLNN)

For more information please contact us.

clou-party-committee

Preventive Measures for Virus Control

Reading Time: 2 min

As you maybe already know the New Year started not as expected. Cases of a contagious coronavirus have increased dramatically over the past weeks.
As a part of our CLOU company policy we have implemented several measures to avoid the spread of the virus during work.
Staff who can work at home are allowed to do so. All employees entering or leaving the CLOU building are registered together with the actual body temperature and phone number. It's a lot of manual work and we are glad for the support of the Party Committee, Shenzhen NanShan section.

Thank you, CLOU Party Committee
Thank you for your efforts, CLOU Party Committee
body-temperature-check
body temperature check
registration
registration to enter the building
de-registration
registration on exit

As you can see the manual process takes some time.
In addition, the used infrared non-contact thermometers have a tolerance of ± 0.2°C plus one digit.
Why?
Maybe you like to study our yesterdays post regarding measurement uncertainties.
There is an additional difference between rectal measurement and infrared measurement in the range of 0.03°C.
To exclude the instrument error and measurement uncertainties the Chinese government has fixed the allowed temperature to 37.3°C.

Some other CLOU activities

In the last two weeks we haven't been sleepy. To minimize the manual work we are developing some helpful products. They can not only be used at our company locations but also everywhere where a accurate data acquisition is needed. If you can read Chinese, you can review the original press article here.

Face recognition terminal with integrated temperature measurement

This device will save all the above shown manual checks and paperworks. It's used for:

  • clocking in
  • clocking out
  • entry and exit control of certain departments
  • gate control

CLOU is already using the face recognition since several years with good success. New is the integrated thermal scanner and APIs for unlocking of doors and other features. The terminals are interconnected by ethernet or wireless and communicate with the central software and the database.
The thermal scan accuracy is ± 0.2°C within a distance of 50 cm and ± 0.1°C within a distance of 30 cm.

Thermal Image Human Body Temperature Door

This device can operate stand-alone or as add-on for existing doors you might know from metal-detection at airports. It can be used for:

  • schools
  • hospitals
  • enterprises
  • ports
  • passenger terminals
  • exhibition halls
  • conference centers
  • other crowded places

The thermal scan is basically the same like for the face recognition device. There is no database connection. It generates an alarm when persons with high body temperature walk trough.

Other related products are under development.

calibrator RS350

What is Measurement Uncertainty?

Reading Time: 2 min

When we do high precision measurements we have to make sure that we are getting the measurement results as accurate as possible.
First of all, the measurement instrument needs to be calibrated. Calibration is typically done in an external laboratory or in an ISO17025 accredited laboratory in your power company.
We make an example:
Your laboratory has calibrated a portable reference standard RS350. The report shows that the error of this instrument is in all ranges within ± 0.05%.

The error calculation was done with the formula:

relative-error-formula-160

The term "accuracy" tells us, how close the measurement is to the real value. In the above case with our RS350 we have an accuracy of ± 0.05%, also stated as accuracy class 0.05.

How wonderful, but:

What is the real value? The calibrator measurement is compared with the measurement with a better accuracy class. To calibrate a class 0.05 instrument you would use a class 0.02 instrument, e.g. a reference standard CL3115 or CL3112.
These reference standards are calibrated in external test houses or at National Metrological Institutes.
How can the National Metrological Institutes know that their measurements are accurate?
In fact, they don't know exactly.
Don't be scared, we are talking now about a few ppm (parts per million) deviation. To make sure that the measurements are worldwide within a acceptable and trustable range the national metrological institutes are participating in a ring comparison to evaluate how far the measurements of the same unit under test are away between the different countries.
Based on the average results each national institute gets it's own measurement uncertainty.
When reference standards are calibrated vs. the national reference, this measurement uncertainty needs to be taken into consideration together with additional measurement uncertainties.

This uncertainties can be systematic or random. A good example for a systematic uncertainty is the display resolution.
Let's say, your instrument has a resolution with two decimals and you read a power of 1.05 kW. This doesn't mean that your power is 1.05 kW, it means your power is within 1.045 kW and 1.054 kW. So in worst case your systematic uncertainty coming from display reading is 0.5% (Use the above formula to calculate.)
What?
Yes, you are a smart metering specialist. You will always select the best range and the best resolution. So you switch to reading in watt. Now you see that you have 1048.54 W.
The real value will be between 1048.535 W and 1048.544 W. The systematic uncertainty is now 0.0005%.
You can play this endless, there will always be an uncertainty. But it's getting smaller and smaller. Best praxis for energy metering is to keep the overall measurement uncertainty below 1/5 of the unit under test.

Beside of display resolution you have to deal with several other uncertainty factors, like microprocessor speed for error calculation, temperature variation, terminal resistance, wrong cable cross section, human error in operation.

Having a precision measurement instrument with a given accuracy class does not mandatory mean that your test results are right.
More information you can find in the GUM (Guides to the expression of uncertainty in measurement).

What about meter test benches?

Also a test bench has a measurement uncertainty. This uncertainty comes from reference standard resolution, error calculators, power resolution and accessories which are not covered by the reference standard, e.g. ICTs (isolated current transformers) and MSVTs (multi secondary voltage transformers).
As we are energy meter manufacturer we have to focus on measurement uncertainties as part of our quality control. The typical measurement uncertainty for a single-phase test bench is 0.02% (reference conditions and power factor 1).

What about energy meters?

Energy meters should be calibrated with enough margin to cover measurement uncertainties. In CLOU production we have set the PASS threshold on 40% of the accuracy class. Means a meter class 1 will have a maximum error of ±0.4% upon delivery. This assures that the meters will pass a test at any test laboratory worldwide as long as it has a valid accreditation.

Note that this post is extremely simplified. Be always aware that there are factors which can make your test results less accurate. Try to minimize this factors or limit your acceptance criteria. Our meter test software EMS5 can help you.
Thank you for reading.